Resistance Within Germany

Resistance of German Aristocracy

1938 -  First Coup Attempt

1942 - Plan Valkyrie

1943 - The "Perfect" Assassination Attempt

July 15, 1944

July 20, 1944

General Friedrich Olbricht

An Obsolete Honor
Hitler's Demons-Kindle Edition

Codename Valkyrie

Allies Response to Germany's Resistance

Hitler's Popularity

Sources - Further

German Army Military Ranks




Web Rings


Guest Book

Author Site

Author's Blog

Valkyrie title graphic
Valkyrie Conspiracy Title
Resistance Within Germany
Against Hitler and the Nazis

Adam von Trott zu Solz, German Resistance participant.Most people are surprised to hear that there were Germans who opposed and even rose up in rebellion against Hitler.  So was I, the first time I learned of it.  What struck me at once, however, was that the German Resistance had to be qualitatively different from the other anti-Nazi resistance movements. In France, Denmark or Poland, for example, the anti-Nazi resistance movements were about freeing their countries from a foreign invader.  The German resistance—which, incidentally, started long before the War began much less was lost—had more to do with moral outrage than with conventional patriotism.

However, before anyone gets the wrong impression, there was not one "German Resistance Movement."  There were many Germans—from a whole range of different personal, ideological and political backgrounds, who were outraged by Hitler and his policies.  Some of these people opposed Hitler long before he came to power —most especially the Socialists and Communists— others initially supported Hitler but more or less rapidly came to recognize the moral depravity of his regime.

Many opponents of the regime formed small cells of resistance based on common roots in the banned political parties, the trade union movement or the like.  Others came together over time as loose coalitions of like-minded people living in a sea of fanatical supporters, opportunistic hangers-on and informers.  The goals of the various resistance groups varied from the Communist cells that actively attempted to assist the Soviet Union establish a Communist regime in Germany to the unorganized individuals, who —at the risk of their own lives— tried to help the victims of the regime by providing false documents, safe-houses, food and other aid.  The most important resistance organization, however, was a coalition of active and retired military officers and civilians who worked to over-throw the Nazi regime and replace it with a government dedicated to restoring the Rule of Law.  This conspiracy initially hoped to put Hitler on trial for his crimes, but gradually recognized that only Hitler's elimination would reduce the risk of civil war.  They made a number of assassination attempts between 1942 and 1944, the last of which nearly succeeded.

My novel, An Obsolete Honor,  focuses on two strands of the resistance: first, the primarily military conspiracy that culminated in the only coup attempt against Hitler, that on July 20, 1944, and second, the humanitarian resistance that was loosely organized, non-ideological and essentially a personal commitment to decency at the risk of ones life on the part of each participant.

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