Resistance Within Germany

Resistance of German Aristocracy

1938 -  First Coup Attempt

1942 - Plan Valkyrie

1943 - The "Perfect" Assassination Attempt

July 15, 1944

July 20, 1944

General Friedrich Olbricht

An Obsolete Honor
Hitler's Demons-Kindle Edition

Codename Valkyrie

Allies Response to Germany's Resistance

Hitler's Popularity

Sources - Further

German Army Military Ranks




Web Rings


Guest Book

Author Site

Author's Blog

Valkyrie title graphic
Valkyrie Conspiracy Title
Plan Valkyrie
The German Conspiracy against the Nazi Regime culminating in
the Coup Attempt of 20 July 1944

On July 20, 1944 a bomb exploded at Hitler's daily briefing.  It was the last in a series of assassination attempts against Hitler carried out by a group of military conspirators.  Shortly afterwards, using a legitimate military plan codenamed "Valkyrie," senior officers of the German Home Army tried to seize power in an attempt to free Germany from the criminal Nazi regime.

But this assassination attempt, like all those before it, had failed. In consequence, within hours orders were soon issued from Hitler's headquarters countermanding "Valkyrie."  In some military districts, such as France, the subordinate commanders were anti-Nazi and they followed the "Valkyrie" orders without hesitation.  The local Gestapo and SS were rounded up and detained. But in other military districts, the news that Hitler had survived the assassination attempt was sufficient grounds for disregarding "Valkyrie" and following the orders from Hitler's headquarters instead.  So the only uprising by Germans against the Nazi regime collapsed.

In the night of July 20, 1944, the first men associated with this German revolt against Hitler's dictatorship were executed without trial.  The first man to fall to the vicious Nazi retribution was the man who had from early 1942 onwards developed and nurtured the coup d'etat plans, Plan "Valkyrie":  General Friedrich Olbricht. Thousands of other conspirators and their sympathizers followed and were liquidated in a bloody retribution.

Who were the men behind the conspiracy?  Was it really just a "tiny clique of criminally stupid officers" as Hitler claimed?  And was Claus Graf Stauffenberg - the only person named by Hitler - really the driving force behind it?

This website is dedicated to providing information about the key milestones on the way to July 20, 1944 and introducing the key actors in this drama.  It challenges the prevailing myths about Stauffenberg's dominant role in the military conspiracy and so attempts to do justice to the other military conspirators, most especially General Friedrich Olbricht, one of the most consistent, determined and effective of all the German Resistance leaders.



Hitler's Demons were those Germans who opposed his diabolical regime on moral grounds.  They sought to defend human dignity and restore the rule of law.  This novel is a tribute to the brave men and women of the German Resistance and the true story of the Valkyrie Plot to assassinate Hitler.

Hitler's Demons was first published and is still available in trade paperback under the title:  An Obsolete Honor .

Hitler's Demons cover

Any one interested in the specific sources for the materials published on this website are requested to refer to the two non-fiction works published by the author:

Link to pages on General Olbricht bookLink to pages on Codename Valkyrie book

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Text varies on this site between British and American English spelling.
Most research was done in Europe and compiled for British English publications.
An Obsolete Honor was written in American English, all other books are in British English or German.
  Interviews and reviews reflect both American and British English as Helena Schrader is a leading authority on this subject in the US and Europe.

Contents of this web site are copyrighted. ©1993-2012 Helena P. Schrader unless otherwise noted.
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